Nat Geo Photographer Ira Block on Processing His Home City After 9/11

National Geographic Photographer Ira Block has worked to ensure that we truly never forget 9/11.

“They weren’t panicking,” related photographer Ira Block as we sat in his NYC loft and examined images from 9/11. “They were instead trying to figure out what was going on.” The image Ira is referring to is one very typical of New York. We were all in plenty of shock on 9/11. Everyone was in a state of confusion throughout the day. Said photo, which is the lead image of this story, was shot by Ira while walking down 7th Ave. The photos Ira took were for himself. Though a National Geographic photographer, Ira isn’t a news photojournalist–but he started out as one. To that end, he wasn’t on an assignment that day and the images he shot were just for him.

Smoke bellows from where Flight 11 crashed into the North Tower of the World Trade Centre. It later fell at 10:28am.

That Unfortunate Morning

On the morning of 9/11, Ira recounts having breakfast with Magnum Photographer David Allen Harvey at a restaurant. During the meal, they began to pay attention to the news on a TV in the restaurant. Curious about what was happening, they started down 7th ave with their cameras. Ira grabbed the longest lens he had, while David had a 35mm lens on a Leica. As they got closer, cops set up barricades and told folks to turn back. It all happened so fast. Ira only had a few photos before everything was covered in smoke. Amongst the confusion, Ira found another photographer from AP who was shooting digital at the time. That photographer was sitting on the street, uploading images to his laptop and trying to send them to his editor. With internet connections being what they were back then, we’re sure the transmission wasn’t the best. Back then, the internet mostly relied on telephone lines (it was called dial-up). But the lines were so misconstrued that Ira and his wife couldn’t contact one another. “She was at the gym on Chelsea piers and saw both towers get hit,” Ira explains about his wife.

Lisa Adams holds polaroid photographs that she took from her terrace balcony on September 11, 2001.

Trying to wrap his head around the situation was difficult for Ira, as it was for many New Yorkers. He initially thought a little private plane had crashed into the World Trade Center. But when the buildings began to collapse, he was utterly shocked. “Emotionally speaking, I wasn’t trying to get in,” relates Ira about the situation. “This is my home, and I was trying to figure out what was happening. I wasn’t a news photographer, and I wasn’t going after breaking news stories.” After it was all over, he was able to center himself and document the process afterward.

Nikie, a therapy dog from the K-9 Disaster Relief organization, with a fireman from Ladder Company 8. Tribeca, New York

A NYPD Police officer guards a roadblock with smoke and ash from the fallen Twin Towers in the background.

Views at night of clean up in Ground Zero, Tribeca, New York

Views of the footprints of the original World Trade Towers, soon to be the Memorial Pools. Looking south from Tower Number 7 to the southern tip of Manhattan and the Statue of Liberty. The building under construction on the left is Tower 4 and the partial building on the right under construction is the Freedom Tower, or Tower 1

The process of what happened afterward is something National Geographic really worked on. “Wow, there are bodies buried under there,” Ira thought when he was assigned to document the cleanup process. He remembers that the government set up an infrastructure of roads to clear the place out. When a body was found, a ceremonial car had to take it to the morgue. Ira also worked on documenting the surrounding neighborhoods trying to come back after reeling from all that happened. Some of his most iconic work around the 9/11 tragedy involved documenting some of the most mentally shocking items.

Six months after the fall of the Twin Towers, two beacons of blue light rise beyond Tribeca as a memorial to New York City’s darkest, and bravest, hour. March 11, 2002.



Documenting 9/11 Artifacts

An open bible fused into some metal found by a NY firefighter during the recovery phase at Ground Zero post 9/11

“That’s a window of one of the planes,” Ira explains to me as we go through images that he shot of items recovered from the 9/11 site. While going through them, he tells me that it’s easy to relate the objects to people. For example, the golf balls he photographed are because lots of people who were in the tower played golf. There’s also a Bible that was stuck in metal. For Ira, photographing the objects was a mechanical process after the emotions moved past him.

“When you first see the objects, you’re going ‘whoa.’ But once you start shooting, you have to become a professional,” relates Ira. He worked to get the lighting just right, and to do that he built a complicated studio setup. The objects tell their own stories, but the more difficult part was listening to stories people told.

A keyboard to a computer. Very few pieces of office equipment were found in the recovery operation post 9/11.

Beeper belonging to Evette Marino discovered in the debris post 9/11.

Shoes worn by Michelle Martocci on September 11th. She survived the attack on the World Trade Center.

Fire helmet from Fire Department Squad 18 that was broken into pieces, discovered in the debris post 9/11.

At Hangar 17 at JFK airport, some of the fire engines and ambulances that were crushed at the World Trade Center when the towers fell on September 11.


The Stories of the People

Firefighter Mathew Komorowski who was with his men in Tower 1 when it collapsed. They had stopped to help a woman on the fifth floor and somehow were saved in a pocket of the building that didn’t crush them. They were trapped for about 4 to 5 hours before being rescued. His helmet flew off his head when the building collapsed, and a month later it was returned to him.


Beyond photographing the tangible memories of 9/11, Ira’s work also involved documenting survivors of the tragedy. A National Geographic writer asked questions and interviewed the folks while Ira photographed them at a later point. Ira also proposed his own questions. To get this look, Ira spent time setting up a strip light to get the specific lighting in his subject’s eyes. He cut off the tops of many of their heads so that we can get in closer to their faces. This one key light made things a bit simpler as he needed to photograph these folks on both black and white backgrounds. Ira gave prompts to get his subjects to look into the camera. one of the most telling stories is the one below:

“One of the most moving stories, when I was photographing survivors, was this firefighter. He was with a group of other firefighters heading down the stairs to get out of the building’. He and another buddy found some woman that was panicking. So they got her, and he sent the rest of his guys down before him so they could take this woman. The building collapsed while he was in it. But he was on the floor where all the air conditioning and mechanical stuff were. That floor was really reinforced because of all the mechanical stuff. He survived, but all his guys below him didn’t. He could hear them screaming. The force of the building collapsing and the air blew his helmet off of his head. Three or four months later they found it.” He brought the helmet in for Ira to photograph.

September 11 survivor Mary Lee Hannell who worked at the Port Authority in Tower 1 on the 67th floor. She is currently the director of Human Resources for the Port Authority. She’s holding a photo of her children that was on her desk when the towers collapsed. She also saved a piece of granite from the plaza of the World Trade Center.

Frances Alexander, who escaped from 78 floor of Tower 1 on 9/11. Her daughter, Earlyne, was also in the building and escaped.

All images by Ira Block. Used with permission and licensing rights.







Chris Gampat

Chris Gampat is the Editor in Chief, Founder, and Publisher of the Phoblographer. He also likes pizza.