Making your photograph look like a painting in-camera is all about embracing camera shake.
One of the best things about photography is that it can combine with a variety of other mediums and deliver really unique images. Even better, lots of those images can be done in-camera without the need for Photoshop, Lightroom, etc. Sure, you can shoot and fix it in post-production–but why bother? Why not get it right in the first place and worry less later on? If you’re a photographer with an excellent grasp of the technical side and also in touch with your artistic side, then this tutorial on how to make images of landscapes look like paintings is for you.
Stop the Lens Down, Use a Low ISO and a Slow Shutter Speed
Start by stopping down the aperture on your lens. F8, f11, or f16 work perfectly fine. Just make sure your entire scene is in focus (part of that depends on where in the frame you’re focusing). Combine this with a low ISO setting and a slow shutter speed. Cameras typically tend to fight the effects of slow shutter speed and camera shake with image stabilization. But in this case, you’ll really need to embrace the camera shake. To that end, you can turn off image stabilization if you please, but you don’t really need to.
Since you’re stopping the aperture down to such a narrow one, try to get everything in the scene in focus. Depending on your subject matter, this means either focusing in the middle of the scene or out to infinity. This will help develop the flatter perspective paintings usually have.
Start Pulling the Camera Down or Up
Once you’re autofocused out, start by pulling the camera up or down. This will increase the dramatic, blurry, and watercolor-like look we’re aiming for.
Keep pulling the camera and then shoot. The combination of the low ISO, the slow shutter speed, and the narrow aperture should provide a lot of motion blur and camera shake. If you’ve ever seen the panning effect done with sports and wildlife shooting, you’ll realize that it’s very similar.
Lastly, look at your image and figure out what’s wrong with it. What don’t you like about it? How can you fix that? Then make adjustments and repeat. After this, you’ll get a better photo in-camera.