Why Color is So Much More Difficult Than Black and White

Chris Gampat The Phoblographer Lomography LCA 120 black and white images (3 of 11)

The old saying “Keep it simple stupid” resonates very strongly with the idea of creating color photographs vs black and white photographs. If you study the work of even the amazing Steve McCurry, you’ll see that what he does with his portraits is tries to keep the colors fairly simple with one primary color and two other major colors in the scene. Too many colors can overwhelm the look of an image.

But besides how colors work in a scene in terms of a simple visual aspect, there is also the idea of placing them in just the right spots for a better composition.

Model: Susan Vengance; and an effective use of color

Model: Susan Vengance; and an effective use of color

Color photography isn’t simple to do well though overall, it’s simple to do. In an artistic or even a technical sense, using colors effectively in an image requires just the right amount of contrast in the scene, an effective exposure and the creative use of shadows and light to really make someone pay attention to exactly what you want them to. All of this should be used on top of other techniques like depth of field, composition techniques like the Rule of Thirds, and making the lighting illuminate what you want to clearly tell the story that you intend.

Not such an effective use of color because of the large variation

Not such an effective use of color because of the large variation

But color can also work very much against you. In some area of the image that isn’t specifically important to your scene, the colors there can end up drawing the eye in too much and detract from the rest of the scene. In photojournalism, a photo editor would simply crop the photo to get all the excess out. That technique is called framing.

So what am I getting at here? In order to create better images and overall be seen as a better photographer, part of this comes with realizing all the power that color can give you and using it responsibly in a photo. I’m not talking about those here that simply just shoot for themselves and their own pleasure–but instead those that aspire to really and genuinely become better photographers.

At the same time, black and white can be used as a crutch. It shouldn’t be, and instead simplifies scenes into levels of contrast, shapes and geometry even more than color does. When you add color to all of this, the layers become even greater.

Effective use of color can be as simple as working with more punchy reds or greens in a scene; you just need to envision what you actually want. For that to happen, I greatly recommend looking at images of great photographers and taking in their work. Lots of them use color very effectively. Just look at Jeremy Cowart, Brian Smith, Lindsay Adler, Steve McCurry, Varina Patel, Joe McNally and Zack Arias for examples. All of them use color very effectively and typically find a way to keep it simpler.

  • michael
    Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown

    not quite so
    apple orange
    analogue takes skill and planning
    digital takes curves and saturation and other such manipulations in post
    nice try Chris

  • MysticCowboy
    Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown

    Come on. The example for difficulty with colors wouldn’t be a good black and white photo either. There isn’t enough value contrast between the model and the background. The bike would overpower the model in either case. This is reaching for content.

  • Bruce Harding
    Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown

    To me that’s mainly relevant for digital colours.
    Digital reds and greens are often quite exaggerated and can ruin the image while film delivers harmony somehow.

    • v.r.
      Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown

      It is not a digital fault often exaggerated colours, but the person’s post processing RAW images. It is not the trend anymore but norm now days to over process photos it looks very unnatural. OK I accept some artistic expression, but lots of it is ghastly especially landscapes.

      • MysticCowboy
        Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown

        Exactly, jpeg colors can be set in camera and somewhat in post. RAW colors are totally mutable. This is a straw man argument.